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Can I pray two raka’s if I enter the masjid and Juma has begun?

Question: I understand that in the madhab we don’t pray nafila for the jumuah when the imam comes into the masjid and until he leaves but the hanafis specifically leave a time after the non Arabic khutbah for you to pray it before the khutbah is done in Arabic so should we also pray the nafila with them?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

In the Maliki School, it is impermissible to pray Nafl (optional) prayers at certain times. The main three times are:

  1. During the rising of the sun.
  2. During the setting of the sun.
  3. During the Friday Khutbah.

The question is, when does the impermissibility start during the Friday Khutbah? Imam Al-Dasouqi in his marginal gloss on Mukhtasar Khalil clarifies that the impermissibility starts immediately when the Khatib (the speaker giving the Khutbah) shows himself. As soon as he enters, it becomes impermissible to offer optional prayers. Therefore, it would be impermissible for one to pray their optional prayers, even if there was a time left by the Khatib to offer nawafil prayers before he began his Khutbah in Arabic. One should let others pray their nawafil and they can spend that time in dhikr or something else.

And Allah knows best.

Written by Uthman Qureshi

Source: Hashiyat Al-Dasouqi 1/187

(وَ) وَقْتَ (خُطْبَةِ جُمُعَةٍ) أَيْ حَالَ شُرُوعِهِ فِيهَا لِأَنَّهُ يُشْغَلُ عَنْ سَمَاعِهَا الْوَاجِبِ وَلَا مَفْهُومَ لِقَوْلِهِ وَقْتَ الْخُطْبَةِ بَلْ مِنْ ابْتِدَاءِ خُرُوجِهِ وَحَالَ صُعُودِهِ لِلْمِنْبَرِ وَحَالَ جُلُوسِهِ عَلَيْهِ كَمَا سَيُنَبَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْجُمُعَةِ وَكَذَا يُمْنَعُ النَّفَلُ عِنْدَ إقَامَةٍ وَضِيقِ وَقْتٍ عَنْ فَرْضٍ وَتَذَكُّرِ فَائِتَةٍ كَمَا سَيَأْتِي فِي كَلَامِهِ

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